快的滴滴每年可减排729万吨 共享经济或成治雾霾利器

“雾霾是什么?”“它从哪里来?”“我们该怎么办?”柴静近2小时的调查报道,让雾霾再度成为了热词,亦让快速发展低污染行业成为了大众关注的焦点。作为新时代低能耗的代表,“互联网”被许多网友提及。的确,互联网在改善我们的环境。拿你我都熟悉的打车软件来说,你知道吗,通过使用打车软件,全国150万辆出租车每年可减少碳排放共计729万吨。
在抗击雾霾与打车软件之间有一个关键词,出租车空驶率。以北京为例,公开资料表明,目前北京出租车日均里程约450公里/辆,空驶率达到40%左右。高空驶率对于出租车来说,意味着更多的无用里程,更高的油耗,更多的尾气排放。

汽车尾气和燃油已经成为了我国雾霾的一大元凶。更多的油耗和尾气就意味着更大的雾霾。随着快的打车和滴滴打车的出现,乘客与司机之间信息匹配变的更高效,出租车的空驶率也有明显下降。早在2014年,就有交通行业专家认为打车软件在“降低出租车空驶率”方面发挥着积极的作用。由此,打车软件还带了一个附加效益——降低了油耗与尾气排放。
2015-2017年中国移动互联网市场规模预测分析,中商情报网
开了10年出租车的郭师傅,从13年年末开始使用打车软件。在他看来,快的和滴滴不仅仅是补贴的代名词,更是提高效率的武器。郭师傅坦言,在使用打车软件后,每个月的空驶率基本可以下降10%左右。“比较直接的感觉就是比以前省油,收入也高了,一个月多赚2000元没问题。”郭师傅说。
据统计,一辆出租车目前平均每天行驶里程大约400里,一年大约14.6万公里,每百公里油耗 8升左右,一年用油近1.2万升,以每升汽油碳排放量2.7克计算,全国150万辆出租车一年的碳排放为4860万吨。而是用打车软件后,出租车的空驶率可下降10%-15%,即每年最多可减少碳排放729万吨,这相当于三个中等城市一年的碳排放量总和。
越是和自身核心机密相关的信息越是有泄漏风险,例如企业财务数据、重要客户信息、产品核心技术等。
根据联合国环境署数据显示,一棵普通的树年吸收0.012吨二氧化碳,则729万吨碳排放量相当于6.07亿棵树的全年生态补偿量。
经过这几年的发展,已有环保人士开始关注打车软件给环境带来的隐形效益。85后青年储亮从大三开始加入环保公益组织,专门从事空气方面的环保工作。他认为,在城市资源逐渐饱和的今天,“共享”将会成为人类与环境共存的一个合理解决方案。而打车软件就是此类“共享”的先行者。
“从打车软件开始流行,我们就觉得这是一个提高城市资源利用率的东西。其实,除了公交、地铁、出租车这类公共交通,我们还可以通过拼车来优化我们的城市资源。这两天,我们看《穹顶之下》的时候,也听到柴静讲到拼车。”储亮说。
在国外,车辆共享经济已经被认为是未来城市的主要移动方式,在北美,一辆共享车辆相当于取代10辆私家车,汽车共享不但大幅提高了出行效率,而且减少浪费,节省资源。
网络信息安全资源
在褚亮看来,在中国雾霾治理的道路上,“共享车辆”等共享资源的方式,将会成为最有效的一大利器。

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No Silver Bullets for Security

A quick-fix security solution for cyberphysical systems doesn’t exist.
Silver bullets are a simple solution to getting rid of various mythical monsters; one shot, and they’re done. Unfortunately, securing cyberphysical systems is not so easy. As Frederick Brooks wrote 30 years ago: “There is no single development, in either technology or management technique, which by itself promises even one order-of-magnitude improvement within a decade in productivity, in reliability, in simplicity.”
Cyberphysical systems, where computers and the Internet meet the real world, cover a wide range of devices. Industrial automation, home control, smart grids, and medical devices are just a few examples. These machines make decisions and take actions based on inputs from physical readings. Cybersecurity for these systems is an extension of reliability, protecting them from faults or damage introduced by cyberattacks.
The enemy of the silver bullet solution is complexity. Shooting one werewolf is easy compared to stopping a horde of monsters with different strengths and weaknesses. And the most difficult type of complexity is accidental complexity, which is a reality for many systems and networks. You may start with carefully planned architectures, but growth, acquisitions, crises, and understaffing all contribute to complexity.
信息安全海报
Start With Hardware
If there is no silver bullet, what is the solution? It starts at the edge with the hardware. You need to harden the devices and build them on a root of trust. Newer devices can have this designed in, while older ones can be protected behind specially designed gateways. A trusted operating system that can containerize applications to prevent them from seeing all of the system and protect them from each other is a critical component.
The next element is secure communications, both between and within devices. Encrypted virtual private networks should handle all process-to-process communications, regardless of source or destination. This provides an additional layer of authentication, while effectively protecting the system from both eavesdropping and data tampering.
Finally, you have to monitor and manage what is happening, looking for signs of attack, intrusion, or aberrant behavior. There will eventually be far too many devices for humans to monitor, so the best way to handle the necessary scale is with careful establishment of policies, followed by automation to enforce them. Separate systems that have no reason to communicate with each other, restrict access to sensitive data, and lock down single-function devices.
Cyberphysical systems and the Internet of things have tremendous potential to increase our capabilities, improve productivity, and enable new business models. However, if you do not take security seriously from the outset, a few disastrous security breaches could set the industry back a decade or more. At risk are more than a few million credit card numbers. Attacks on physical systems could damage equipment, disrupt services like electricity, and even cause serious physical harm. What has been happening so far to secure computer networks is not good enough, and status quo is not the answer. This is an arms race with serious consequences, and you owe it to your customers and your company to get ahead of the enemy.
Lorie Wigle is building a new business focused on securing critical infrastructure and IOT more broadly at Intel subsidiary McAfee. Lorie has been with Intel for nearly 30 years in a wide variety of marketing and technical roles. She has an MBA from Portland State University …View Full Bio
无处不在的网络间谍软件程序是怎样炼成的呢?
European Union regulators were weighing up potential restrictions on a data-sharing agreement with Canada that might have repercussions on a similar deal between Australia and the US.
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Weiying: big data useful, but can not achievements of Bill Gates and Steve Jobs

The seminar, Professor Zhang Weiying from the basic assumptions of economics rational and said that he went to, to tell you the post-industrial era, the information age, why the concept still has irrefutable force; swept the world of big data, why and become Bill Gates, Steve Jobs is still a step away.
February 28, 2015, the tenth day, spring snow, North Long Run Park. A heated debate is unfolding. Peking University National Institute of Development Research Center of Law and Economics, Information Society 50 Forum offer great coffee and the brightest in the field of economics of the information age conspiracy theory of economics development plans. For the traditional economics of the information age, is a scourge? Or another spring?
The seminar, Professor Zhang Weiying from the basic assumptions of economics rational and said that he went to, to tell you the post-industrial era, the information age, why the concept still has irrefutable force; swept the world of big data, why and become Bill Gates, Steve Jobs is still a step away. The following is a Professor Zhang Weiying speech.
Information so that the problem of economic theory highlights
Economic theory has many problems, but some problems still more serious, but whether these problems are the problems themselves, or because there is called information after the problems, I do not think very clearly. In our view, the problem itself, is not a problem to bring information, but the information itself may be exposed to these problems more obvious.
For example, as geocentric and heliocentric, geocentric could have been wrong, and not to the sixteenth century began to become wrong. But before the sixteenth century, in a very traditional agricultural society, the earth revolves around the sun, or the sun around the earth, does not make sense for most people. But times into the sailing, we believe that the earth revolves around the sun, or the sun around the earth, it becomes very important.
Rational choice model of economics assumes that people driven by the interests and know their own interests
Any science has two purposes, one is explained, is a prediction. Economics interpretation also relatively successful in predicting the mess. Why predict will become a mess? Economics predict all past, no matter how complex, there is a certain assumption that the rational choice model.
Rational choice model means that each person's actions are driven by interests. This fact, in one hundred years ago, British economist is very clear, economics every perpetrator is driven by interests. Also assume that everyone knows their interests, to maximize their own interests everyone, everyone's behavior can be explained from his point of view to maximize the benefits society as a whole can be understood as the interests of the game, even the game is different interest groups the results.
Interests, ideas and rational
If we assume that human behavior is dominated by the interests of the whole economics is useless, that is: no matter how economists say there is no relationship with people, how to conduct on how people act the whole economics is useless a.
But since ancient times, mankind since all thinkers, they deeply believe that human behavior is the subject of the concept of the guidelines. Cited passage, in two hundred years ago, talking about – Although people are dominated by the interests, but the interests of itself, that is, all things are governed by the concept.
Mises stresses liberalism, liberalism is not so complicated, liberalism is liberalism, we do not blame simplistic, simplification is not wrong, but the real world is too complex and too simple if it does not need science, (also on) do not need an economist. Liberalism genre, all genres have a common point of view – the concept is important. Each of us lives, every day is not a red wine, is not smoking, and cognition are concerned, we are talking about reform, including Deng Xiaoping reform, all of history is hard to explain it with the interests of the concepts.
The key question is why these ideas and concepts are important because it is simple -? We humans are the only rational animal on earth. What this means is rational? Means that we will be thinking, we will analyze, Director General purpose, we will be thinking, Why should I do it before acting. Everything we humans do, we need to prove its legitimacy – why?
Economics: From the instrumental rationality to value rationality
We talk about the idea, the concept, in fact, prove a cause of human actions of his own, a theorem. What is called rational? Suppose economics is instrumental rationality, reason is just one way to achieve the purpose of it, just a bunch of irrational desire slaves, I have a purpose, reason tells you what to eat is the best.
Adam Smith from the beginning has been to Kant, they speak of rationality is one purpose – that human beings should pursue, and what should not pursue. A person with a rational desire to rule, he is a rational person, it is difficult, everyone has emotions. A person often in a passion, in a impulsive behavior, without thought, so that he is not rational. This is important, you may want to change the economics of our so-called instrumental rationality hypothesis, to the value of rational or objective reason, which is very important.
Download mobile game to be careful, to go to a trusted site to download. Whether it is via PC or WIFI, 3G and other download, remember first look at killing the virus.
Post-industrial society, non-material benefits will be even more important
Interests of people is through the concept, the idea to know what is in our interest and what does not in our interest, (depending on) what kind of ideas. Not just the interests of their own material interests, economists explain the material interests, (because) of the material interests of long-term human time is the most important thing; the other reason is because material interests, easy to quantify.
APT在安全管理体系中的地位
We humans to a post-industrial society, non-material interests will become more important. Material benefit to a certain extent, the scarcity has been resolved; therefore social and information society, post-industrial non-material interests become more important.
Intangible benefits are more dependent on the individual – you want to have the honor, a good reputation, this is for you. There is no good reputation, your legitimate improper behavior, if there are legitimate good reputation; what do you think legitimate, public, fair and poor to the rich things out right now is not considered a legitimate legitimate?? Now speaking rights. There is also a selectable something? Feasibility of space in your mind, what means you have ideas, including dealing with the financial crisis, and so we are concerned with this.
Understanding of the world of the future, not based on past data can be obtained
Furthermore, the reason why the concept is more important, deeper reason is because our world is very limited, very imperfect, our understanding of the world, to understand the future, not based on past data can be obtained, and the world too complicated. We have a vision of the world might is right, there may be wrong. If it is right, without any idea, according to the original acts on it.
Economists predicted the Great Depression did, Latin America debt crisis, the financial crisis did not predict that the Mexican financial crisis did not predict that the Asian financial crisis did not predict that the collapse of the Soviet Union did not anticipate. Revolution itself did not predict that, if it is impossible to predict the occurrence of revolution.
What is the reason? This stability and change, depending on what kind of ideas, these ideas themselves, but also to the development of our people, to deal with uncertainty.

Entrepreneurs have the ability to cope with uncertainty
Economists predict the future is not successful, but the entrepreneur, why? Entrepreneurs have the ability to cope with uncertainty. The greatest success of all entrepreneurs, not make judgments based on future past data, such as Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Ma micro-channel, five years ago, no data can predict the micro-channel, and we are very enthusiastic about big data, big data changing the way we work to reform our work to reform our thinking, which is a good thing for economists. Good point, big data is impossible, there is always uncertainty.
Anyone in big data (efforts) will not become Bill Gates, Steve Jobs will not become, they are not saying do not use these things very useful. I just talked about entrepreneurs facing no one sees something not predicted 30 years ago to today's mobile phones, the Internet today. 30 years later what is the greatest industry, no one can predict.
Some things can happen, but when it happens, we do not know.
We consistently care
All people
Ideals and desire
NFC Near Field Communication technology in Western developed countries have not been large-scale applications, the new wireless communications technology and constantly emerging, mobile payment security, more and more people's attention, to catch the popularity of mobile internet banking terminal, it seems the traditional The increasing pressure of financial institutions.
Suffering and mutual Killing
Strong and weak person

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Blockbuster release Chinese economic life survey National Big Data

Blockbuster release Chinese economic life survey National Big Data Selection comment concerns the public may participate in reviews No.
Win8遭政府采购”封杀”,或出于信息安全考虑
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Blockbuster release Chinese economic life survey Big Data 2015-03-03 national public education Ningxia Ningxia Ningxia public education public education Micro Signal nxzgjy
Features Ningxia public education official micro-channel communication platform, to provide you with the latest, best and most comprehensive public information and recruit class exam preparation materials. [Tel: 0951-5155560]
March 2, CCTV Financial Channel blockbuster debut, Chinese economic life survey National Big Data. As China's largest media people's livelihood survey activities, Chinese economic life survey in an era full of changes, the depth of China's tiny home cells to sustain nine years, the annual survey sample of one hundred thousand families, a total of tens of millions of Minsheng basic data transfer people most real life experience.
(A) in 2015, the money go?
(1) large survey found that: With the economy the new normal, the Chinese people lowered revenue expectations
67.6%, which is the CCTV Chinese economic life survey shows the 2015 Chinese household income confidence index, it is worth noting that the survey has been for nine consecutive years, every year 100,000 survey data from China's household income, in order to prepare the CCTV income confidence index. This large survey income confidence index is low in four years, showing along with new economic normality, people have lowered earnings expectations for the future trend.
Computer viruses are generally hidden deep, to wait for an opportunity to self-replicate, and can be spread through the network, storage media, and many other means. Computer viruses spread very fast, high-impact surface.
2015 which place more confidence in China's income growth. Ranked first in Jiangxi (income confidence index: 74.4%). In addition, Jilin (71.8%), Shandong (70.8%), Anhui (70.8%), Hubei (70.0%) of the respondents also revenue growth for 2015 is also very confident, higher than the national average (income confidence Index: 67.6%).
(2) a large survey found: 2015 fund financial products cold hot
Four consecutive years people have become the first choice of investment funds, 2015 is likely to be cold, fewer than 10 percent of Chinese households intend to invest funds ranked last in all investment varieties. Seemingly not look past financial products (ranked fifth in 2013, fourth in 2014), but staged a counter-attack, the hearts of the people to become big hits, topped the list.
(3) a large survey found: 2015 Chinese girl Chinese investment enthusiasm beyond Aunt
Large survey data show that in the middle of different age groups, the younger the willingness to invest, the stronger Chinese girl in all of the highest investment enthusiasm, while victory over China aunt.
(B) in 2015, the opportunity to go?
(1) large survey found that: in 2015 China intends to start families 1/5
Large Survey: 2014 respondents were actually involved in entrepreneurship accounted for 13.6% of the 2015 respondents intend entrepreneurs jumped to 20.5%. In 2015 there are more than one-fifth of the surveyed households, showed a willingness to venture.
(2) a large survey found that: the most promising e-commerce, manufacturing, bottom first
What industry is currently the most promising people do? The top three are e-commerce, health care, financial services. For China, a big manufacturing country, the proportion of people optimistic about the prospects for the manufacturing sector is only 2.5%, ranked first, this is a phenomenon worth pondering.
(3) a large survey found that: urban grassroots men most want to start
Large survey data found that China's main business is not what we imagine rich handsome, but our real roots around them. Even the higher education entrepreneurial willingness but instead the lower secondary education and high school respondents entrepreneurial aspirations to become the strongest group.
Large survey found that people living in the city is more than living in the countryside want to start; married than unmarried people even want to start; more men than women want to start; especially those aged males between the ages of 26-35, 33.5% of people with an entrepreneurial will, while annual income of 10,000 -6 million households will of the most prominent entrepreneurs.
(C) the time go?
(1) large survey found that: over half of the Chinese people daily leisure time of less than two hours
Large survey data show that removing work and sleep, leisure time is less than one hour a day Chinese people, and now account for almost a quarter, leisure time is only 1-2 hours and more than two percent of the people, there will be people Jin Yicheng a little leisure time at all. This means that, for more than half of the Chinese people, the casual or a luxury.
(2) a large survey found that: the rise of family income is higher than bow to the family!
With the popularity of mobile phones and other electronic products, 60% of people start online entertainment, a Mobile phone overuse. And there are 40% of the people insist on the line entertainment, the rise of the family.

Rise family than bow family average earn about 4000 yuan per year, they are more than bow family more in health care and education and training on the consumer, spending about 15 percent more. The Mobile phone overuse than family looked more money spent on travel and home appliances, about 10% more.
Information security awareness training and safety culture throughout the organization to promote the offer, not only to showcase the company's image, but also played a positive role in reducing brain drain.
(3) a large survey found that: Where is the longest commute time in the first place in Changchun
Large survey data analysis showed that for every 10 people to work the crowd, one person one-way travel time over two hours, the time spent on the road back and forth more than four hours. We now have a population of 400 million urban jobs were thus estimated that there are about three thousand people, every day is not at work, that is, on the way home from work.
The longest commute in the top ten, ten provincial capitals and municipalities, which accounts for only the first four, the rest of the six are prefecture-level city, and is widely distributed, from the northeast to the southwest, covering the population intensive major regions. The North Canton did not enter the top ten deep.
(Four) happy go?
(1) large survey found: four percent of Chinese families feel happiness
In 2015, there are 40% of respondents happy family. Among them, 10.6% feel very happy, 29.4% feel more happy.
(2) a large survey found: Happiness released ten cities
In a large survey of 104 cities, counties in the sample of 300 residents of happiness strongest five capital cities and five prefecture-level cities are:
Hefei, Anhui Province, Haikou City, Tai'an City, Liaoyang City, Liaoning Province, Lianyungang, Hengshui City, Hebei Province, Huangshan City, Hainan Province, Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, Shandong Province, Changsha City, Hunan Province, Jiangsu Province
正确认识信息数据“加密”
(3) a large survey found that: a priority to improve the ecological environment what? Public opinion directed air quality
On the environment, we are most like to change something? In the six options we give, the more concentrated of thousands of families nationwide opinion is a priority to improve air quality, urban greening and water quality.
China's economic life survey is CCTV Financial Channel, the National Bureau of Statistics, China Post Group co-founder of the annual survey of the brand, it issued 100,000 annually postcard questionnaire, covering 31 provinces, 104 cities and 300 counties, the annual survey of living feel 100,000 Chinese families, economic status, consumption and investment expectations, people's livelihood and well-being, such as the difficulties, the survey response rate was 86.6%.
From its founding in 2006, China's economic life survey has been held for the ninth, it is a complete record of the Eleventh Five-Year, live track 1025 period of the people. It is the first large-scale survey of the activities of national well-being, and the successful launch of the original household income confidence index for large data products. China's economic life survey Social influence is accompanied by the arrival of the era of big data is excited, a large survey data reporting has officially been the largest library in Asia National Library collections included, the results of the survey data is open to the society, marking investigation is becoming one big investigations have global influence.

This year, the Chinese economic life survey The survey found that nearly seven ten, two reports will be the sole financial channel data support, the first time, Economic Information Network, transaction time, Global Financial Connection column full release data and other information, Choi seeing two sessions , Xiaoya run two sessions deeply embedded in the data, China Financial Report , economic and a half hours, CCTV Financial Review , dialogue , Business Weekly Topics such as the depth of interpretation of data.
More exciting, please pay attention to CCTV Financial, and at 18:50 on March 9 minute broadcast of Chinese economic life survey data release party.
(Source: CCTV Financial)
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P2P platforms needed to nurture a mature business model

Author: Zheng items
According to reports, the first two months of this year, the number of foot platform, suspension, withdrawal problems and other issues has reached 115, an increase of 6 percent. In particular individual veteran P2P platforms themselves in financial difficulties, P2P platform reflects our business model is still a long way to cultivate.

Short-term behavioral tendencies

Concern
The current short-term behavior of P2P platform operators tend to concern. Internet-based communication and sharing of information on the advantages of convenient and inexpensive, P2P network platform loans mainly for the financing needs of small decentralized service, large high-cost financing is not the ultimate goal. Even the most successful foreign operators platform P2P Lending Club, the size of loans as of the end of August 2014, but also $ 5 billion. P2P platform for low-cost financing instead of its competitive advantage. As of September 2013, Prosper average loan interest rate of 6.73%, Lending Club of 6.78%, while the average US credit card market interest rate of 10.99 to 22.99 percent. US P2P client platform has clear point, Prosper 25% of borrowers to take advantage of the borrower to repay maturing debt and credit cards, 4% for housing repair, 10% for commercial use, 14% used for other purposes; Lending Club 57% of the borrower for repayment of debt and credit cards, 7% for housing repairs and 10% for home shopping, 5% for commercial purposes. The reason why P2P platform has great potential, because Internet-based savings on transaction costs, making the platform has unmatched than traditional banks operating cost advantage. According to the McKinsey study, Lending Club cost advantage over traditional banks, mainly in the branches do not need (save 2.2%), bill collection, and cost of fraud is transferred to the investor (save 1.31%), without artificial loans ( Save 0.81%) and the like. Although Lending Club does not open the store cause marketing costs to invest more, but the overall operating costs lower than traditional banks 3.85%.
商丘市公安局应用日志安全审计平台项目结果公告
P2P platform and our short-term behavioral tendencies stand out:
Commercial applications of smart mobile devices and more widely, the safe use of mobile devices to become increasingly important to our success, we develop safety standards for commercial baseline and mobile devices, and to have the mobile computing needs of staff training, but also Special requests commercially sensitive data storage and communication must be encrypted.
First, for the purpose of Gregory rapidly expand the size of loans. P2P platform founder tend to short-term profit as a tool platform, the platform was built in the early stage of an annual investment rate of return as high as 15% to attract investors to rapidly expand the size of loans, expanding the platform affected. Taking into account the borrower's P2P platform mainly for small and micro enterprises or individuals, generally weaker, so high investment rate of return necessary requirement for higher lending rates, which laid the platform for the outbreak of the problem hidden.
Second, the introduction of a third-party guarantee. In the social credit system in China is not perfect constraints, the introduction of third-party guarantees to reduce investor risk, is considered realistic. But part of the platform for the introduction of third-party guarantees or warranties do not have the ability to, or for the security company founder control investment risk has not transferred and information are mostly opaque, become a platform to attract investors in the guise of P2P.
Third, the emergence of large financing tendency. Financial services industry needs to diversify risk and avoid excessive concentration of risk, there is a clear regulatory rules ratio requirement. Commercial bank credit line single customer shall not exceed 10% of its capital amount. But part of the P2P platform to reduce operating costs, involved in government financing platform for more than medium-sized enterprises to provide wholesale funding, there is a big business risk. Once the wholesale funding can not be due to return, the platform is bound to fall in the short term to cash difficulties.
Sophisticated cybercrime attacks launched architecture trends, network security threats can not be ignored ah, mail and Web security and filtering malicious attacks was to strengthen the capacity of the code, however, requires the user to be more understanding and support for safety precautions.
Fourth line certification under increased operating costs. Quite a lot of P2P platform offline authentication mode, relying store crowd mode borrower information to investigate the audit, operating costs, the impact to the platform business sustainability.
Thus, although the number of P2P platforms showing growth by leaps and bounds, but it does not solve the issue of sustainability P2P platform operator business model fundamentally. Currently, some P2P platform high operating costs, lack of professionals, lack of risk management experience, there is a vulnerability platform operators. And minority platform has a complete departure from the essence of P2P platform information intermediaries, financial fraud become synonymous with illegal fund-raising, extensive negative impact on society.
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安全意识考试系统标准即将问世

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管理信息化有未来吗?

离退休干部局组织在职人员开展党风廉政建设学习

作者:工信部网站

无锡市人力资源市场招聘信息,光明网
2015年2月28日,工业和信息化部离退休干部局组织全体在职人员开展党风廉政建设集体学习,深入学习了十八届中纪委五次全会及2015年部党风廉政建设暨纪检监察工作会议精神。局党委副书记、局长吴亚军主持学习。
被曝光的网络入侵事件似乎只是冰山一角,原因之一是黑客未留下明显印迹,以便日后获得更多好处。
吴亚军围绕学习贯彻落实会议精神提出具体要求:一是要坚持纪律建设和作风建设常抓不懈、从严管理;二是认真履行党风廉政建设主体责任和监督责任;三是以严的标准、严的要求做好老干部工作。他强调,2015年,离退休干部局要把党风廉政建设的要求体现到离退休干部的服务管理工作中,以贯彻全国离退休干部“双先”表彰大会及全国老干部局长会议精神为抓手,开好局、起好步,谋划好全年工作。要把思想统一到中央精神和部党组部署上来,严守政治纪律和政治规矩,以良好的精神状态和扎实的工作作风做好全年工作。

网络安全公益短片个人信息保护实战
(责任编辑:GH)
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教育信息化趋势:2015年美国年轻人对于教育信息化的看法

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教育信息化趋势:2015年美国年轻人对于教育信息化的看法 2015-03-03 万霆软件 万霆软件 万霆软件 微信号
功能介绍 万霆科技建筑仿真教育信息交流沟通平台。
导语 当今的教育正处于信息化创新与变革的大数据时代,我们学习和教授的内容及方式都在发生显著改变。 如果你是从事中小学教育或高等教育领域的专业人士,那意味着你会时时感受着数字教育的革命性变革,这些变革的缔造者正在轻摇和撼动我们已知的教育体系,并且涉及到从小学到高等教育的方方面面。而带来的这些变化是属于年轻人的,有生命活力的教育产品是年轻人做的,也是做给年轻人的。在这场革命中,2015年度美国教育界的几十位30岁以下俊杰走在了最前列, 因为他们的创新型数字平台以学校、学区和教师为主要客户,或者直接面向学生本人。 本文选取一些他们对于未来信息化教育、课堂和技术作用的看法。
  过去的几年里,移动互联网爆发增长。相对于PC时代,这是一个更具想象空间的机遇。移动互联网时代的最大人性化特点,是能够随时随地随身、不但看到内容、而且还可以与之互动,这就足以决定了它的发展前景无可估量。所以在这里可以说,当今最大的两个变革应该是Mobile(移动智能工具)和Social( 社交网络),它让我们能够随时随地、无所不在地找到任何另一个人,也可以带来很多新的服务和新的功能。显然,我们的生活方式相比过去已经彻底被颠覆了。
  当今的教育正处于信息化创新与变革的大数据时代,我们学习和教授的内容及方式都在发生显著改变。 如果你是从事中小学教育或高等教育领域的专业人士,那意味着你会时时感受着数字教育的革命性变革,这些变革的缔造者正在轻摇和撼动我们已知的教育体系,并且涉及到从小学到高等教育的方方面面。而带来的这些变化是属于年轻人的,有生命活力的教育产品是年轻人做的,也是做给年轻人的。在这场革命中,2015年度美国教育界的几十位30岁以下俊杰走在了最前列, 因为他们的创新型数字平台以学校、学区和教师为主要客户,或者直接面向学生本人。
  这场变革主要由三个因素促成:数字革命、封闭式高质量教育社区的涌现,以及“Do It Yourself(DIY,自己动手)”和“活到老学到老”的信念。未来这个趋势会更加清晰,因为今天这些十几岁的孩子们、二十几岁的年轻人,他们就是在Mobile Internet的环境中长大的,未来的内容是由他们所创造的。虽然依旧保持着对三R(即读、写、算)原则的尊重,但今年教育领域的推动者和缔造者们已宣布了三C时代——Code learning(编程学习)、College readiness(大学预备)和Community impact(社区影响)——的到来。现在,让我们从前述的几十位30岁以下的俊杰中,选取一些他们对于未来信息化教育、课堂和技术作用的看法:
  1.Alex Klein, 24 Cofounder, Kano(编程游戏)
  中小学生们如何编写程是热门话题。2012年,Klein的侄子让他创造出中小学生能够使用的电子器材,一种既简单好玩又有自我开发功能(DIY, do it yourself自我动手)的游戏机。随后,24岁的亚历克斯·克莱恩(Alex Klein)和他的联合创始人卡诺(Kano)便为中小学生们发明了一种电脑工具包,就像乐高玩具一样简单有趣。Klein说, 我们把创造性的技术和潜力放到每个人的手中, 就让中小学生们自己建立并表达属于他们个性的游戏、网页、音乐、及艺术等等。
  2.Karim Abouelnaga, 23 Founder, Practice Makes Perfect (社区影响)
  23岁的卡里姆·阿布埃勒纳加(Karim Abouelnaga)创建了Practice Makes Perfect网站,致力于解决一个极为重要但常常被忽视的问题:暑期成绩下滑。研究显示,低收入家庭和高收入家庭子女之间的学习成绩差距约有三分之二可以归因于暑期学习的差别。Practice Makes Perfect的“接近同龄人”辅导模式让学习成绩不好的K-8年级学生与来自同一个城市社区、成绩更好的高年级学生结成对子。目前这种辅导模式,已经使550名学习上有困难的1到8年级的学生,分别与高年级的、成绩更好的、同一社区的学生,成功结成学习上的互帮互助圈子。
  3.Miriam Altman, 28; Alexandra Meis, 28 Cofounders, Kinvolved(社区影响)
  研究表明,课堂上的出勤率对于保证中小学生的学习成绩上升是至关重要的。Altman和 Meis作为纽约大学的研究生,在2012年试图联手解决高危青少年的就学问题。kinvolved是一个应用程序,能够跟踪和立即共享中小学生的出勤率和行为,通过双向短信、电子邮件或语音语言,并与他们的学校、家庭建立信息沟通和课后培训。他们在五个城市的学校现在有110的客户。最新的模式用来帮助学校和学校课程后、预测、干预,以及防止缺席和迟到,从而奖励学生积极改进的行为。
  4.Michael J. Carter, 26 Founder, Strive For College (大学预备)
兰州市关于加强政府网站信息内容建设的实施意见,中国电子政务网
  26岁的迈克尔·J. 卡特(Michael J. Carter)在2007年创建了Strive for College,当时他还是华盛顿大学圣路易斯分校获得全额奖学金的入学新生。他的想法是,让成绩优异的同学对来自本地低收入家庭的高中生进行免费的一对一大学预备辅导。时光荏苒,如今他领导着一个全国性的在线辅导平台,拥有20个大学分会,帮组了1500名需要帮组的中学生进入4年制的大学学习。
  5.Jason Deroner, 29; Andrew Gioia, 29; Michael Gioia Cofounders, TeachBoost (师资培训)
  教师专业水平的发展和管理是一个热门话题。Teachboost是帮助教师发展和观测教师能力的平台,它使我们容易对学校和地区教师专业成长做出更明智的决策。这是基于云的软件,为教师和管理人员之间进行有意义的交流机会,鼓励教育体制下的共同责任和集体成功,并在教学和学习中的持续改进,反思教师专业成长的模式。
  6.Andre Feigler, 28 Founder, Enriched Schools (社区影响)

  人们认为,代课老师只会播放电影或者布置作业(美国学区每年为此花费大约40亿美元)。为了彻底改变这种旧观念,28岁的安德烈·菲格勒(Andre Feigler)创建了Enriched Schools。这家初创公司向新奥尔良地区的K-12中小学学校提供在线“客座教育工作者”的预约服务,这些形形色色的“客座教育工作者”中,既有演员、音乐家和诗人,也有专业人士、家庭主妇(夫)和社区领袖。
  7.Jeremy Friedman, 27; Ryan-Hwang, 28; Bill Kindler, 29; Timothy Trinidad, 27 Cofounders, Schoology (社区影响)
  Schoology是大规模管理系统,为K-12(相当于从幼儿园到高三)学校和大学提供备课、评分、联系家长和P2P合作的工具, 主要的功能是帮助 K12 学校和大学做课程管理,学习资源分配、学习活动及结果跟踪以及为师生之间提供交互沟通渠道。 Schoology成立于2009年,由27岁的杰里米·弗里德曼(Jeremy Friedman)、28岁的瑞安·黄(Ryan Hwang)、29岁的比尔·金德勒(Bill Kindler)和27岁的蒂莫西·特立尼达(Timothy Trinidad)共同创建。Schoology就是教育界的Facebook。Schoology成立于 2009 年,但是让人惊讶的是,在 5 年之间Schoology已经扩展到全球六大洲,并且在一些地区,整个国家的学校都在使用Schoology所开发的 LMS。在谈到如此迅速的发展时候,Jeremy Friedman,Schoology的 CEO 告诉我们,Schoology的成功最重要的是来自社交媒体。
  8. Jess Gartner, 28 Founder, Allovue (资源规划)
  Allovue是一款教育资源规划平台, 主要应用于, 提供简单的财务数据可视化和分析帮助分析K-12中小学学校教育支出对学生成绩的管理。这是一个功能强大的工具,在教学过程中以减少浪费和过度使用教育资金。
  9.MattanGriffel, 26 Cofounder, One Month (编程应用)
  26岁的马坦·格里费尔(MattanGriffel)是自学成才的开发人员,他创建了OneMonth,这家得到Y Combinator支持的初创公司已经向1.5万名学生展示了如何从头开始打造他们自己的网站和应用。
  10.DanialJameel, 29; Alice Dinu, 28; James Dang, 24; Peter Cen, 26 Cofounders, OOHLALA (教学辅助工具及社区服务)
  百分之九十的大学生使用智能手机,主要用于游戏,音乐和社交网络。为什么不是一个更好用途?例如,连接他们只能手机到校园? OOHLALA就是连接到校园的一个移动社区。目前得用户超过一百万高校的学生和100个高校并分布在五个国家。主要的特点是,提醒他们的校园类的接口,等等与学习有关的咨询。
  11.Benjamin Levy, 27 Founder, eduCanon (翻转课堂、在线教育、编程应用)
  27岁的本杰明·利维(Benjamin Levy)是“为美国而教”(Teach For America)组织的成员,同时也是eduCanon网站的创始人。该网站让教师们可以创建自己的可汗学院(Khan Academy),把视频作为学习工具。eduCanon是翻转课堂式学习模式的一个杰出代表,翻转课堂就是打破传统的学生课上听讲课下作业的模式,创造学生课下学习概念知识、课上练习巩固的一种新的课堂模式。在15个月内完全靠口碑吸引了5万名教师和30万名注册学生。
  12.Zak Ringelstein, 28 Cofounder, Uclass (数字化教学)
  UClass– “优课数字化教学应用系统”是基于新课程标准,整合正版数字化教材、数字化教学工具软件、嵌入式教学资源、资源管理工具软件,及基于网络的管理端平台于一体的数字化教学应用系统。支持多级的用户管理、机构管理、资源管理、数字化教材管理,为学校构建智能、高效、开放、易用的教学应用平台,实现教育资源流通与共享。UClass在美国有5000多学校在使用。
  13.Stephanie Shyu, 26; Lydia Fayal, 28 Cofounders, AdmitSee(大学预备)
  美国的高校指导顾问非常短缺,每471名公立学校学生只有1名高校指导顾问。AdmitSee为这个问题提供了一个解决方法。这个社交媒体与电商的混合平台让那些经过身份核实、希望帮助他人(及获得收入)的大学生和研究生分享他们的大学申请材料,包括个人陈述、考试分数和高中简历。
  14.Sam Strasser, 29 Engineer, Facebook (社区影响)
  29岁的萨姆·斯特拉瑟(Sam Strasser)在两年前加入了硅谷的特许教育网络Summit Public Schools,创建了一个学习平台,向学生们提供个性化教学,使他们可以设立自己的长期学习目标、获取资料和控制内容传送。他现在正带领着一群 Facebook开发人员努力工作,目标是让这个平台向美国各地的学校免费开放。
  15.Marcos Vargas, 29; Steven Vargas, 25; Lester Vargas, 18 Cofounders FractalUp (大数据教育)
  FractalUp的可贵之处是:经济学专业的庸才可能是中学的黄金教师。由两位秘鲁籍创立的这家公司是“世界上第一个动态教育引擎”,特点是,使用大数据过滤教育的内容为三个学习路径:基本,中级,高级。
  16.Matt Wahl, 28 Product manager, Mobile, Khan Academy (可汗学院,在线教育)
  Wahl正在将可汗学院在线远程学习的模式朝着移动设备转移。如果全球在线学习的网站继续提供“免费的使命,世界级的教育,任何人、任何地方都可以使用的”,那么,它的本质是要转移到移动网络的中心, 因为近30%可汗课程会在移动设备上出现,而且移动网站访问量同比增长90%。新的应用程序由斯坦福大学的校友负责。
  17.Danny Yaroslavski, 23 Founder, LightBot (编程学习)
  23岁的丹尼·雅罗斯拉夫斯基(Danny Yaroslavski)创建了LightBot,让孩子们在游戏中学习编程。Lightbot的游戏可以让学前班的孩子们能够利用先进的电脑概念创新游戏,但是并不需要复杂的阅读理解。 现在Lightbot游戏已成为美国各地500多万学生接触计算机科学的第一个窗口。
  18.William Zhou, 22 Founder, Chalk(教学辅助软件)
  四年前,William Zhou退出了滑铁卢大学成立了“粉笔”(Chalk),常称为微软办公教师。这是一套为教育工作者和机构联系在一起的备课工具,而且具有教学上的评估和协同的作用。William Zhou说,我对教育行业了解的越多,我就越重视产品粉笔(Chalk)的发展。今天,20000所学校的十万名教师成为“粉笔”产品的用户。
参考文献:
  1.Code And College Readiness Are Reinventing Education On 30 Under 30
  http://www.forbes.com/sites/carolinehoward/2015/01/05/code-and-college-readiness-are-reinventing-education-on-30-under-30/
作者:赵诚 中国海洋大学、印第安那州立大学
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Mobile Internet lottery huge market space

Author: Xu Guming
Government, public security, transportation, finance and operators, etc. In particular, the information needs of security and confidentiality very seriously, these units and agencies need to pay attention to system security vulnerabilities, disclosure of sensitive information is likely to cause heavy blow to the country, even in violation of the relevant laws and regulations .
Recently, 500 Lottery announced fiscal 2014 fourth quarter and full year unaudited financial statements. The report shows that the fourth quarter of 2014, net sales reached 500 lottery 1.7579 billion yuan, an increase of 63.7%, the annual total sales of 7.15 billion yuan, an increase of 134.4%; net income of 146.2 million yuan, the chain fell 22.1%, an increase of 52.1%; non-GAAP net income attributable to common shareholders for 51.8 million yuan, the chain fell 34.9%, an increase of 98.5%.
500 Lottery Founder, Chairman and CEO 罗昭 bank said the significant increase in lottery sales and earnings growth, mainly because of the World Cup ticket sales stimulated substantial growth in sales of mobile lottery terminals, as well as the steady growth of the domestic lottery industry.
It is noteworthy that 500 Lottery 2014 financial results, which show strong growth trend of mobile terminals, the fourth-quarter PC end lottery numbers accounted for 39% of mobile lottery terminals accounted for 61%. In the first three quarters of 2013, sales of its mobile terminal only 15% in the fourth quarter of 2013 accounted for only 18%.
According to data released by the Ministry of Finance, the National Lottery sales in 2014 amounted to 382.378 billion yuan. Pantone advisory report, said 2014 sales volume of China's Internet lottery of 850 million yuan, more than 100 million users to buy lottery tickets through the Internet channel betting. 2014, mobile Internet lottery sales volume reached 38.5 billion yuan, accounting for half of the Internet lottery.
In this regard, Hai Tong Securities (600,837, stock it) analyst, told reporters, With the popularity of smart phones and mobile lottery interconnected channels, lottery market more and more younger people, these new lottery entertainment and more and more people want to achieve a reduced pressure in the process.
通过九章信安了解定义信息安全管理体系的最简单最直白的方式,信息安全专家不得不说的故事,请看链接:

安全网关防火墙 华为USG5120BSR售9500
Publicly available data show that domestic lottery market size in about four hundred billion yuan to five hundred billion yuan between, and maintained a 30% annual growth. GF Securities (000,776, stock it) released projections suggest that mobile end SMG potential of up to 120 million active users, the total number of people, a huge market space for future mobile terminals SMG is likely to occur than-expected market growth.
Concern is that the recent Internet lottery industry Buzz regulatory storm. Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Civil Affairs, the State Sports General Administration have jointly issued to carry out acts of unauthorized use of the Internet sales of lottery self-correction work-related issues, which requires all finance, civil affairs and Sports Bureau and other units in the region exists for unauthorized lottery market Internet sales of lottery conduct self-correction, and on March 1 the self-correction and cross-checking of results reported.
February 25, 500 Lottery announced that the suspension of four kinds of high-frequency color sales. 28, Ali, Tencent, People (603,000, stock it) the sale of its Internet platform, have announced a moratorium on the sale of color all or part of colored species.
The market is afraid of bad news, but the fear factor of uncertainty, the uncertainty of recent policy has been the impact of the company's stock price. But in the long run, this will benefit the Chinese lottery market. 500 Lottery Network president 潘正明 on China Economic Times reporter, said the company recently to prepare the stock repurchase program to mitigate the impact of policies.
Lottery 500 on February 26 announcement that the stock repurchase program, in accordance with market conditions, staging repurchase up $ 30 million worth of company stock in circulation American Depositary (ADS). Funds required to repurchase the shares from the company's working capital.

(Editor: GH)

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According to foreign media reports, the association's official website was hacked lenovo.com morning, the official web page is hijacked to play a slide show, background music for high school musical song Breaking Free. Currently, the site has been restored to normal.


It is reported that the attack may come from a hacker hacker association pawn Lizard Squad, the reason may be attacked with Lenovo recently adware door relevant, Lenovo Superfish adware bundled in its production of notebook computers, the software has serious security vulnerabilities that can reveal the user's confidential documents, causing a large number of user dissatisfaction.
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Lenovo attackers hijacked the domain name lenovo.com redirected to the new server under their control. Target of the attack is entirely outside of the infrastructure, similar to 2013 Syrian Cyber Army attacked Twitter and the New York Times fashion, the attacker does not invade the association's internal network.
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【网络安全】勒索软件Cryptolocker变种感染群晖NAS


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2014年肆虐互联网的勒索软件Cryptolocker变种正如雨后春笋般涌现。现在,Cryptolocker开始向群晖(Synology)网络存储器设备(NAS)发起了攻击。
物联网、智慧家庭让人们的生产和生活越来越便利的同时,安全也越来越受到威胁。
Cryptolocker的原理是偷偷扫描用户驱动器上的所有重要文件,并在后台使用AES私钥偷偷加密文件。如果用户没有其它备份,又想要“赎回”它们的数据,就必须向黑客缴纳赎金。赎金最初是100美元,后来又涨到了300美元。
勒索软件Cryptolocker的绑架非常“霸道”:一旦你的计算机受到感染,界面中立即会出现一个倒数计时器——倒计时3,2,1——此时,你必须要获得解密密钥才能挽救你的数据了。
反病毒公司比特梵德实验室发现,从2013年10月27日开始的一周内,有超过12000台英国用户计算机感染了Cryptolocker。并且之前,Cryptolocker还只在美国流行。

群晖NAS存储设备受到影响
一些用户报告称,他们在群晖(Synology)NAS设备上的数据变得不可访问。此外,当用户访问admin控制台时,也会首先看到攻击者留下的勒索信息——要支付0.6个比特币(约合350美元)的赎金,不然就别想拿到解密密钥。
据外媒从群晖得到的消息,目前似乎只有运行DSM 4.3的设备受到影响,但是该公司也已在调查5.x版本是否也被波及。
群晖官方已给出了临时应急解决方案,呼吁用户尽快关闭任何外部访问端口,并从NAS上拔下硬盘,以及将DSM升级到最新版本并备份好自己的数据。
移动设备又有其特性,其便携性使其面临物理安全的挑战,它们更容易丢失或被窃取。
漂洋过海来看你,勒索软件日益猖獗
从2013年到2014年,勒索软件开始大行其道。除了本文提到的Cryptolocker,还有Critroni、PowerLocker、VirLock、Cryptowall、CTB-Locker比特币敲诈者等等不计其数的“流氓”,覆盖了PC和手机在内的移动设备,其中更有不少已漂洋过海进军中国。
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